Sunday, October 28, 2012

Aquamarine Power To Connect Wave Energy Generator To UK National Grid


Aquamarine Power To Connect Wave Energy Generator To UK National Grid

by Hazel Saunderson, 02/15/12

filed under: green technology, News, Renewable Energy

Aquamarine Power, Wave Energy, renewable energy, Scotland, 2012, Oyster 800, Orkney, Energy Minister

Scotland may be a small country, but its stake in the future renewable energy is about to get serious as Aquamarine Power’s Oyster 800 Wave energy device will soon be installed and connected to the UK grid. We covered the launch of this innovative “near shore” Oyster 800 device last year, and earlier this week Scotland’s Energy Minister Fergus Ewing granted full consent to developments of the 2.4MW wave energy demonstration project. This consent means two further Oyster 800 wave energy devices will be installed at the same site at the European Marine Energy Centre (EMEC) in Orkney, and this will create the UK’s first grid-connected near shore wave power array with a total of three 800kW Oyster devices.

Aquamarine Power, Wave Energy, Oyster Device, Scotland, 2012, Energy Minister

Consents play a vital part in the development of such projects, and this consent should pave the way for Aquamarine Power to continue to work with Marine Scotland and gain all the necessary consents for their other sites — a 200MW commercial wave energy site in Orkney, and a 40MW site on Lewis.

Scotland’s Energy Minster Fergus Ewing said of the project:
“Scotland has unparalleled natural resources, with a tenth of Europe’s wave power, and these new devices will help us to fully harness the huge energy resources around our own coast and contribute to global efforts to expand clean, green electricity generation… it is innovation and creativity such as that behind the Oyster device which will help us meet our ambitious renewable electricity targets and help us reindustrialize Scotland.”

Aquamarine Power stated:
“Our application has been granted subject to the implementation of a suitable environmental monitoring and mitigation plan to ensure suitable measures are taken to protect the environment. We look forward to working with the local community in Orkney on the responsible development of our first Oyster array.

“This is a great milestone for our company and for the wave energy industry as a whole. This marks an important step in the development of Oyster which one day will be delivering power to hundreds of thousands of homes.”

We look forward to seeing what the new technology will mean for the UK, and in the long run, what it could mean for other nations.

+ Aquamarine Power

+ Marine Scotland

+ European Marine Energy Centre (EMEC)

Images ©Aquamarine Power

© 2012


Aquamarine Power Unveils Oyster 800 Wave Energy Generator - Exclusive Photos!

by Hazel Saunderson, 07/17/11

This morning Scottish First Minister Alex Salmond heralded a landmark achievement in renewable energy technology as he unveiled Aquamarine Power's new Oyster 800 wave energy generator at the Burntisland Fabrications yard - and Inhabitat was on the scene to bring you an exclusive first look! This impressive device can generate 250% more power at one third the cost of the first full-scale 315kw Oyster that was installed in Orkney in 2009. Martin McAdam, Chief Executive Officer of Aquamarine Power commented: "A farm of just 20 Oyster 800 devices would generate sufficient power for up to 15,000 homes. There are often waves when there is no wind and marine energy offers an essential part of Scotland's future low carbon energy mix." Read on to learn more and check out our exclusive photos!

Read more:

Scotland is renowned for its magnificent coastlines and delicious seafood - however, the latest denizen of the deep captured our attention for an entirely different reason - its ability to capture wave energy. The Oyster 800 operates in the same way as Oyster 1, but Aquamarine Power has used data and lessons learned from the first Oyster to significantly improve its power output, simplify installation and allow for easier maintenance.

© 2012



youtube 検索 : Marine Energy Conference in Inverness

£18 million marine energy fund

scottishgovernmentさんが 2012/05/23 に公開

A multi-million pound fund to help develop Scotland's first commercial wave and tidal power arrays was opened today. Addressing the AllEnergy conference in Aberdeen, First Minister Alex Salmond announced that Scotland's Marine Renewables Commercialisation Fund (MRCF) was now open for bids by marine energy developers. He also announced the first award from the £70 million National Renewables Infrastructure Fund (N-RIF) -- a £500,000 grant to support the transformation of a strategic dock, ten miles from Glasgow city centre to create a key manufacturing location for renewable energy.

The Scottish Government について

The Scottish Government is responsible for most of the issues of day-to-day concern to the people of Scotland, including health, education, justice, rural affairs, and transport.


参考リンク Alex Salmond to promote Scotland in California

Posted by Steven Stewart on Monday, June 4, 2012 ·

First Minister Alex Salmond is to visit California this month in an effort to build on economic links and encourage inward investment in Scotland.

Mr Salmond will undertake a series of engagements in Los Angeles, Sacramento and San Francisco which will focus on innovation, tourism and jobs.

During the four-day trip, he will meet US politicians and business leaders.

Mr Salmond will also attend the world premiere of the animated film Brave, which has a mythical Scottish setting.

The Scottish government estimates that the Disney/Pixar film, which is due to open at the Los Angeles Film Festival, could boost the Scottish economy by £140m.

The premiere will bring together Disney/Pixar and tourism agency VisitScotland, who are collaborating on a global marketing campaign to showcase Scotland across the world.

Inward investment

The first minister will then travel to Sacramento, where he will outline to US politicians the importance to the Scottish economy of sustained investment by global California-based corporations.

Mr Salmond will also promote Scotland’s record in attracting investment from US and major global companies in a speech to the Commonwealth Club of California in San Francisco.

Business visits will include a trip to Stanford University to see the work of the SU2P, a venture between Stanford and Strathclyde, Heriot-Watt, St Andrews and Glasgow universities which is designed to capitalise on leading research in the photonics sector.

The first minister said: “Scottish companies are operating in a highly competitive global economy, and the Scottish government and our agencies are using every opportunity available to boost investment, tourism, and jobs.

“The US offers huge potential, and Scotland and Scottish companies are ideally placed to take advantage of the outstanding opportunities that are available.

“This visit will help us identify and enhance the opportunities for real, practical innovation and collaboration, and bring investment and jobs to Scotland.”


Copyright 2012 The World Through My Specs



Alex Salmond :Wikipedia


Alexander Elliot Anderson Salmond ( born 31 December 1954) is a Scottish politician and current First Minister of Scotland. He became Scotland's fourth First Minister in May 2007. He is the Leader of the Scottish National Party (SNP), having served as Member of the Scottish Parliament (MSP) for Gordon. From 1987 to 2010 he served as Member of Parliament for Banff and Buchan in the House of Commons of the United Kingdom. Salmond previously held the position of leader of the SNP from September 1990 until he stepped down in September 2000.

Originally from Linlithgow, West Lothian, Salmond is a graduate of the University of St Andrews, where he achieved a Joint Honours MA in Economics and History. After earning his degree he began his career in the Government Economic Service (GES), and later joined the Royal Bank of Scotland as an energy economist where he wrote and broadcast extensively for both domestic and international media outlets.

Following the establishment of the devolved Scottish Parliament in 1999, he was elected MSP for Banff and Buchan, thus simultaneously representing the area as both Member of Parliament (MP) and MSP. Salmond resigned as SNP leader in 2000 and did not seek re-election to the Scottish Parliament. He did however retain his Westminster seat in the 2001 general election. Salmond was once again elected SNP leader in 2004 and the following year held his Banff and Buchan seat in the 2005 general election. In 2006 he announced his intention to contest the Gordon constituency in the 2007 Scottish Parliament election, an election in which Salmond defeated the incumbent MSP and in which nationally, the SNP emerged as the largest single party. Salmond was voted First Minister by the Scottish Parliament on 16 May 2007.

As First Minister, from 2007 to 2011 Salmond headed a minority Scottish Government, but after the 2011 Scottish Parliament election the Scottish National Party, which he leads, emerged with an overall majority. Politically, Salmond is one of the foremost proponents of Scottish independence, repeatedly calling for a referendum on the issue. Salmond has campaigned on global warming and in government has committed Scotland to legislation on emission reduction and the generation of renewable energy.

File:Alex Salmond, First Minister of Scotland.jpg
Scottish cabinet.

Although energy is mostly a matter reserved to Westminster, administrative devolution of Sections 36 & 37 of the Electricity Act coupled with fully devolved planning powers enabled the Scottish Government to establish Scotland as a leader in renewable energy developments.

Other recurring campaign themes include nuclear disarmament and Salmond's strong opposition to the 2003 invasion of Iraq. Foreign policy, defence, national security and nuclear weaponry are reserved to Westminster.

Early life and careerSalmond was born at Linlithgow, West Lothian, Scotland on 31 December, (Hogmanay) 1954.[2] He is the second of four children born to Robert Fyfe Findlay Salmond and Mary Stewart Salmond (née Milne), both of whom were Civil Servants.[3] His father's family had been previously resident at Waterfoot, near Keswick.[4][5] His middle names come from his family's tradition of naming their children after the local Church of Scotland minister, in this case the Reverend G. Elliot Anderson of St Ninian's Craigmailen Parish Church in Linlinthgow.[6][7]

Salmond attended the local Linlithgow Academy before studying at the University of St Andrews, where he lived in St Salvator's Hall and graduated with a Joint Honours MA in Economics and History.[8]

In 1978 he entered the Government Economic Service as an Assistant Economist in the Department of Agriculture and Fisheries for Scotland, part of the now defunct Scottish Office. Two years later he joined the Royal Bank of Scotland where he worked for seven years: first as an Assistant Economist before being appointed Oil Economist in 1982, and from 1984 combining that role with duties as a bank economist.[8] While with the Royal Bank, he wrote and broadcast extensively for both domestic and international outlets. He also contributed regularly to oil and energy conferences. In 1983 Salmond created a "Royal Bank/BBC oil index" that is still used.

First Minister

Scottish cabinet.Having won more seats than any other party in the 2007 Scottish Parliament election, the SNP initially approached the Scottish Liberal Democrats to form a coalition, but they declined to take part in negotiations.[23] This left the SNP without any possibility to form a coalition with an overall majority. The Scottish Green Party agreed to support an SNP minority administration on a confidence and supply basis.[24]

Renewable energy

Alex Salmond in his 2010 New Year message highlighted the importance of sustainable development and renewable energy in Scotland and the required increase in powers of the Scottish Parliament needed to help harness Scotland's green energy potential and therefore take full advantage of the "renewable revolution".[35]

Earlier in December 2009, he campaigned for climate change legislation at the UN Climate Change Conference in Copenhagen to promote Scotland's role in tackling and mitigating climate change. This included signing a Partnership Agreement with the Maldives, one of the most exposed countries to the consequences of rising sea levels.[36][37]

This page was last modified on 22 September 2012 at 22:47.



Oyster 800 wave energy converter from the air

aquamarinepowerltdさんが 2011/07/28 にアップロード

This film of the Oyster 800 wave energy converter was shot at the fabrication yard in Methil, Scotland where the device was manufactured. Oyster 800 will be installed at sea in Orkney in summer 2011. The footage was shot by Cyberhawk Innovations.



New Oyster wave device

scottishgovernmentさんが 2011/07/14 にアップロード

Wave energy developer Aquamarine Power today revealed the latest in leading edge hydro electric wave energy technology.




European Marine Energy Centre (EMEC)



ANDRITZ HYDRO Hammerfest Tidal current device

You are here: Home / About us / Tidal clients / ANDRITZ HYDRO Hammerfest


ANDRITZ HYDRO Hammerfest delivers tidal turbine arrays and services to harness the great energy potential from tidal streams. The modular solutions are designed to allow optimal integration in the daily operation plans of the customers, supporting the worldwide energy mix.

The Company was established in 1997 in Hammerfest, Norway and the UK office was opened in Glasgow in 2008 in order to serve the promising local market potential. Today, ANDRITZ HYDRO Hammerfest is part of the ANDRITZ HYDRO GmbH group, a global supplier of electro-mechanical equipment and services for the hydropower business.

In December 2011, ANDRITZ HYDRO Hammerfest successfully deployed its 1 megawatt (MW) pre-commercial tidal turbine destined to validate the technology for future tidal power arrays. The machine was installed at the European Marine Energy Centre (EMEC) in December 2011 and delivered its first energy to the grid in February 2012.

The new HS1000 turbine is based on the technology of a smaller turbine, the HS300, which was installed in Norway as the first ever tidal current turbine with permanent connection to the public grid in 2004. The prototype has been in operation for more than 17,000 hours, delivering over 1.5 GWh to the grid and showed 98% availability during testing.

For more information, please visit the homepage of ANDRITZ HYDRO Hammerfest:,

Andritz Hydro Hammerfest.mp4

Copyright © 2012 · All Rights Reserved · EMEC: European Marine Energy Centre


参考リンク Global Tidal Energy Part 1

RedOrkneyさんが 2010/11/30 にアップロード

Scotland is now at the epicenter of the Global tidal power renewable energy revolution.

( Filmed and edited by Kevin Burns)

This video highlights the global potential of tidal energy, Scotland's leading role in tidal power development and reviews some of the technical, environmental and social challenges facing the tidal power developers.

For further details, please visit,

Global Tidal Energy Part2



Wave devices

You are here: Home / Marine Energy / Wave devices

Waves have the potential to provide a completely sustainable source of energy, which can be captured and converted into electricity by wave energy converter (WEC) machines. These WECs have been developed to extract energy from shoreline out to the deeper waters offshore.

We have identified eight main types of WEC:

Copyright © 2012 · All Rights Reserved · EMEC: European Marine Energy Centre


参考リンク Tidal devices

You are here: Home / Marine Energy / Tidal devices

Tidal devices

Tidal energy exploits the natural ebb and flow of coastal tidal waters caused principally by the interaction of the gravitational fields of the earth, moon and sun. The fast sea currents are often magnified by topographical features, such as headlands, inlets and straits, or by the shape of the seabed when water is forced through narrow channels. The tidal stream devices, which utilise these currents, are broadly similar to submerged wind turbines and are used to exploit the kinetic energy in tidal currents. Due to the higher density of water, this means that the blades can be smaller and turn more slowly, but they still deliver a significant amount of power. To increase the flow and power output from the turbine, concentrators (or shrouds) may be used around the blades to streamline and concentrate the flow towards the rotors.

We have identified six main types of Tidal Energy Convertors (TEC):

Copyright © 2012 · All Rights Reserved · EMEC: European Marine Energy Centre



Pentland Firth and Orkney wave and tidal charges hit £100 million 18 Sep 12

New figures from Scottish Renewables have shown that island communities in Scotland's first Marine Energy Park are continuing to face massive costs to connect their marine energy projects to the grid.

Analysis, published at today's Marine Energy Conference in Inverness, reveals charges in the Pentland Firth and Orkney Waters have continued to climb, despite an independent review by Ofgem to reform the charging regime known as TNUoS (Transmission Network Use of System).

Although the review has improved matters for generators on the mainland, charges on the islands are set to rocket, adding significant costs and threatening the economic viability of wave and tidal projects that are in their early stages of development.

Speaking ahead of the Marine Energy Conference, Niall Stuart, Chief Executive of Scottish Renewables, said:

"Ofgem's review was expected to bring down charges for renewable generation given its commitment to 'facilitate the move to a low carbon energy sector'. However, we are seeing charges on the islands continue to increase, dwarfing those on the mainland.

"The level of charges for Orkney Waters is adding significant costs to wave and tidal projects and can only hold back investment in our world-leading marine energy sector."

We have to remember that our islands are where some of our best natural resources are and if we are to meet important climate change and renewable energy targets we must find a way to ensure wind, wave and tidal projects can generate electricity for homes and businesses across Scotland."

The new figures are estimated calculations based on annual grid charges for wave and tidal projects. Estimates of the projected annual connection charges for the Pentland Firth and Orkney Waters area have increased from £56m last year to £107m in 2020. This contrasts with an annual subsidy of some £2m if these projects were to be built in the south west of England - the UK's other Marine Energy Park.

While the mainland of Pentland Firth has seen a decrease of £4.6m in annual connection charges, the Orkney Waters area has seen a massive rise because electricity generators on the islands are required to pay for 'local works' which includes expensive undersea grid cabling from the Scottish mainland to the Orkney islands.

This year's estimates are also based on a larger grid cable which will be required to transport the increasing capacity of renewable electricity due to be generated in the Orkney waters from wave and tidal devices.

Aquamarine Power Chief Executive Officer Martin McAdam said:

"These new figures clearly show the methodologies employed by Ofgem and National Grid are out of step with the needs of the UK's renewable energy sector.

"With a quarter of the UK's generating capacity shutting down over the next ten years and domestic gas bills increasing 78 per cent since 2000, more than ever the UK needs a diverse renewable energy mix to secure future energy independence and to act as a hedge against fossil fuel price volatility.

"Wave energy can be a valuable part of that mix, but wave projects have to locate where the waves are - and 92 per cent of all UK wave energy projects will be subject to islands charging.

"We believe island charges are contrary to EC Directive 2009/28, Article 16(4) which states 'Member States shall ensure the charging of transmission tariffs does not discriminate against electricity from renewable energy sources produced in peripheral regions, such as island regions…'.

"The Secretary of State for Energy and Climate Change Ed Davey should step in with new measures to ensure islands charges do not jeopardise the UK's world-leading wave and tidal industry."

© Aquamarine Power 2011
All rights reserved


Tsunami Strike: Japan Part III: Warning Systems

Tsunami Strike: Japan Part III: Warning Systems

Transcript Tsunami Strike: Japan Part III – Warning Systems [Sirens] These are the sounds of a tsunami warning. They alert residents that a killer wave is about to strike. These sirens, however, are just a small part of the sophisticated warning systems that played a role in Japan and in the U.S. during the Pacific Ocean tsunami in March 2011. Most Tsunamis are generated by an undersea earthquake. Fortunately, Japan has one of the most advanced earthquake early-warning systems in the world. It detects tremors, calculates the epicenter, and sends out warnings from over a thousand seismographs scattered throughout the country. The Japan Meteorological Agency issues the warnings and sends alerts to television and radio channels, the internet, and mobile phone networks. When the earthquake struck 80 miles offshore, warnings were generated in about three seconds. The tsunami warnings came three minutes later. These take longer because more complex calculations are involved, and must factor in ocean data. Since the first tsunami waves struck the coastline within 20 minutes, the advance warning provided some residents with crucial minutes to reach a safe area. While the earthquake sent powerful tsunami waves westward toward Japan, the tsunami also propagated east into the Pacific Ocean. Here, warnings are issued by the Pacific Tsunami Warning Center, operated by NOAA in Hawaii. NOAA maintains a large network of buoys with ocean floor sensors that are strategically positioned in the earthquake-prone zones of the Pacific. This system collects vital ocean data for tsunami forecasting. Narrator: On March 11th, only 25 minutes after the earthquake struck, the first buoy station registered the tsunami and relayed information to Hawaii. Scientists used this data to run models and issue forecasts and warnings to nations throughout the Pacific. From there, local emergency managers decided what actions were appropriate to take for public safety. The earthquake and resulting tsunami devastated the Japanese coastline, causing damage that will take years to repair. While we can't prevent these forces of nature from happening, our early warning systems can help us prepare for the dangers headed our way. END


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