2010年7月10日土曜日

Seventeen-article constitution

【出展リンク】: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Seventeen-article_constitution


Seventeen-article constitution

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The Seventeen-article constitution (十七条憲法 jūshichijō kenpō?) is, according to Nihon Shoki published in 720, a document authored byPrince Shōtoku in 604. It was adopted in the reign of Empress Suiko. The emphasis of the document is not so much on the basic laws by which the state was to be governed, such as one may expect from a modern constitution, but rather it was a highly Buddhist document that focused on the morals and virtues that were to be expected of government officials and the emperor's subjects to ensure a smooth running of the state, where the emperor was to be regarded as the highest authority. It is one of the earliest moral dictatorial documents in history.

Contents

 [hide]

[edit]Excerpts from the Articles

  • Harmony is to be valued, and the avoidance of wanton opposition to be honoured.
  • Sincerely revere the three treasures: the Buddha, his Teaching, and the ordained Community.
  • When you receive the Imperial commands, fail not scrupulously to obey them.
  • The Ministers and functionaries should make decorous behaviour their leading principle, for the leading principle of the government of the people consists in decorous behaviour.
  • Chastise that which is evil and encourage that which is good.
  • To turn away from that which is private, and to turn towards that which is public
  • Let every man have his own charge, and let not the spheres of duty be confused.
  • Decisions on important matters should not be made by one person alone.

[edit]Validity

This constitution remained clearly valid until 29 November 1890, when the Constitution of the Empire of Japan came into effect. However, since it has never been explicitly abolished, some (Kase Hideaki, et al.) argue that it is still partially valid. The current Constitution of Japan, established in 1947, only annulled the preceding laws which it contradicts (article 98).

[edit]See also

[edit]References

  • W.G. Aston, trans., Nihongi: Chronicles of Japan from the Earliest Times to A.D. 697, 2 vols. in 1 (London: Keagan and Co., 1896), vol. 2, pp. 128–133.

[edit]External links




Obama at Society of Irish Women's St. Patrick's Day Dinner



【出展リンク】: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KrnuhSUxb7M


Obama at Society of Irish Women's St. Patrick's Day Dinner


thepoconos | 2008年03月17日
Democratic presidential candidate Sen. Barack Obama, D-Ill., speaks at the Society of Irish Women's St. Patrick's Day Dinner in Scranton on Monday, March 17, 2008. Read the story athttp://www.thepennsylvaniaprimary.com and http://www.poconorecord.com

(Adam Richins / Pocono Record)

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  • @charlieiscool1000 Nah he was Welsh.

  • This is true.He was a Roman Citizen and then England was a Roman territory.

  • and St patrick was an Englishman not irish

  • God i love O'Bama

  • The hands that built America!

  • i love it how he tries to identify with Irish people everywhere, and he comes close Then he goes and pronounces Celtic "Seltic"... great. kinda like Corpsman verses "Cor p sman"

  • what oppression lol

  • I love it, America's EIGHTEENTH Irish President! You gotta love the Irish - from oppression to domination in one generation!

  • No more Obama.

  • No he's not. He's joking affectionately and having a laugh.


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