2010年6月22日火曜日

The Paradox of American Power: Why the World''s Only Superpower Can''t Go It Alone : Joseph S. Nye, Jr.

【出展リンク】:

http://belfercenter.ksg.harvard.edu/publication/3897/hot_off_the_presses.html







Hot Off the Presses

Newsletter Article
 The Paradox of American Power: Why the World''s Only Superpower Can''t Go It Alone
Joseph S. Nye, Jr.
(Oxford University Press, 2002)
What role should America play in the world? What key challenges face us in the century to come, and how should we define our national interests? These questions have been given electrifying new significance in the wake of the terrorist attack of September 11, 2001. Not since Rome has any nation had so much economic, cultural, and military power, but it is still not enough to solve global problems like terrorism, environmental degradation, and the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction without involving other nations.
Nye, the Dean of the Kennedy School, explains clearly why America must adopt a more cooperative engagement with the rest of the world. The threat of terrorism, he argues, is merely the most alarming example of why we must engage in constructive relations with other nations weak and strong. Now more than ever, as technology spreads and non-governmental organizations ranging from transnational corporations to terrorists increase their power, American leadership must reorient itself toward the global community.
Nye argues that in the coming century the U.S. will rely less on its military might and more on the power that derives from the appeal of our culture, values and institutions, what he calls our "soft power." But this soft power cannot flourish in a climate in which the U.S. is viewed as selfish and motivated only by self-interest.
"A timely warning that it is perilous to disregard the deeply held concerns of the rest of the world."
--Henry A. Kissinger
"An excellent framework for viewing the U.S. role in the 21st century and especially after the events of September 11."
--Madeleine Albright
Ending Autocracy, Enabling Democracy: The Tribulations of Southern Africa, 1960-2000
Robert I. Rotberg
(Brookings Press, 2002)
"Africa in the second half of the twentieth century is a tale of great hope and expectation, followed by disappointment . . . and then by disciplined review and cautious optimism. Southern Africa, particularly, has been a work in progress, sometimes blessed by the heavens and sometimes cursed by the horsemen of the Apocalypse," writes Rotberg, Director of the WPF Program on Interstate Conflict, who has been observing and commenting on the evolution of southern Africa for over forty years. His latest book tracks southern Africa''s struggles for independence and analyzes the troublesome aftermath.
Reflective overviews introduce contemporaneous opinion pieces written for newspapers and periodicals in Africa, Europe, and the United States. Rotberg writes with the dual intent of advocacy and explanation: to broaden public awareness and understandings of the trials and tribulations of southern Africa, thereby influencing informed policymaking in African capitals, London, Paris, and Washington.
Soldiers and Civilians: The Civil-Military Gap and American National Security
Peter D. Feaver and Richard H. Kohn, editors
(The MIT Press, 2001)
Throughout the 1990s, a spate of articles proclaimed the existence of a "gap" between America''s top civilian and military leaders. Commentators worried that this civil-military gap was not just a temporary rift caused by President Clinton''s approach to national security, but a deep chasm that could undermine U.S. defense policies in the 21st century. Now that the United States is waging a new war against terrorism, it is even more important to consider the state of U.S. civil-military relations.
Soldiers and Civilians is based on the results of a major survey of military officers, civilian leaders, and members of the general public. The book''s contributors— leading scholars of defense policy— conclude that numerous schisms have undermined civil-military cooperation and harmed military effectiveness. They offer recommendations to eliminate or mitigate the most troubling of the problems.
"A superb, penetrating, comprehensive, balanced analysis" that will be "the indispensable starting point for debates on and further studies of American civil-military relations."
--Samuel P. Huntington, Albert J. Weatherhead University Professor, Harvard University
"One of the most important works on national security to appear in years" and "a masterpiece of modern disciplinary analysis."
--Charles Moskos, Professor of Sociology, Northwestern University
Borders and Brethren: Iran and the Challenge of Azerbaijani Identity
Brenda Shaffer
(The MIT Press, 2002)
The Azerbaijani people have been divided between Iran and the former Soviet republic of Azerbaijan for more than 150 years, yet they have retained their ethnic identity. The collapse of the Soviet Union and the emergence of an independent Azerbaijan have only served to reinforce their collective identity.
Shaffer, Caspian Studies Program Research Director, examines trends in Azerbaijani collective identity from the period of the Islamic Revolution in Iran through the Soviet breakup and the beginnings of the Republic of Azerbaijan (19792000).
Challenging the mainstream view in contemporary Iranian studies, Shaffer argues that a distinctive Azerbaijani identity exists in Iran and that Azerbaijani ethnicity must be a part of studies of Iranian society and assessments of regime stability in Iran. She analyzes how Azerbaijanis have maintained their identity and how that identity has assumed different forms in the former Soviet Union and Iran.
"A very comprehensive and interesting intellectual endeavor."
--Hamlet Isaxanli, President and Founder, Khazar University, Baku, Azerbaijan
"One of the few works that looks seriously at Iranian Azerbaijan" and "a major contribution to the history of both Iranian and Soviet nationality policies."
--Ronald Grigor Suny, Professor of Political Science, University of Chicago
The Future of Turkish Foreign Policy
Lenore G. Martin and Dimitris Keridis, editors
(The MIT Press, 2002)
Since the end of the Cold War, Turkey has moved from the periphery to the center of Eurasian security. It is an important member of NATO and aspires to join the European Union. With a landmass and population larger than France''s, Turkey is a pivotal actor in Southeastern Europe, the Middle East, and the Caucasus. Turkey''s growing role in these regions has profound implications for the international arena and has spawned debates over the trajectory of Turkish foreign policy.
The Future of Turkish Foreign Policy explores the debates and the interactions between Turkey''s domestic issues and foreign policies. The contributors include some of the foremost scholars and commentators on Turkish foreign policy. Their analyses reveal the variety and complexity of challenges that confront Turkish foreign policy and point the way to creative and resourceful strategies.
Comrades No More: The Seeds of Change in Eastern Europe
Renée de Nevers
(The MIT Press, 2002)
In 1989, Soviet control over Eastern Europe ended when the communist regimes of the Warsaw Pact collapsed. These momentous and largely bloodless events set the stage for the end of the Cold War and ushered in a new era in international politics. Why did communism collapse relatively peacefully in Eastern Europe? Why did these changes occur in 1989, after more than four decades of communist rule? Why did this upheaval happen almost simultaneously in most of the Warsaw Pact?
In Comrades No More, de Nevers, a former BCSIA Fellow, examines how internal and external factors interacted in the collapse of East European communism. She argues that Gorbachev''s reforms in the Soviet Union were necessary to start the process of political change in Eastern Europe, but domestic factors in each communist state determined when and how each country abandoned communism. A "demonstration effect" emerged as Hungary and Poland introduced reforms and showed that Moscow would not intervene to prevent political and economic changes.
"de Nevers'' clear framework helps make sense of turbulent events and highlights the importance of demonstration effects as a general cause of democratic change."
--Jack Snyder, Robert and Renée Belfer Professor of International Relations, Columbia University
The Middle East Military Balance, 2001-2002
Shlomo Brom and Yiftah Shapir
(The MIT Press, 2002)
The explosion of violence between Israelis and Palestinians that began in late 2000 is a tragic reminder of the potential for armed conflict in the Middle East. Although many developments in the 1990s appeared to have reduced the likelihood of war in the region, stability between Israel and its Arab neighbors remains tenuous. Security in the Persian Gulf also remains uncertain, as Iran and Iraq have continued their pursuit of weapons of mass destruction. Understanding the dynamics of security in the Middle East requires detailed information on the military capabilities of the region''s countries.
The Middle East Military Balance is prepared annually by the Jaffee Center for Strategic Studies in Tel Aviv. It is based on data from many sources, including some that are unavailable to other institutes. With its wealth of current, hard-to-find information, it offers an authoritative and indispensable guide to military capabilities in the Middle East. Governments, the media, and researchers pay close attention to its data and analysis each year.
"The indispensable resource for all who deal with the Middle East or with its role in global politics."
--Edward N. Luttwak, Senior Fellow, Center for Strategic and International Studies

For Academic Citation:
"Hot Off the Presses." Harvard University.

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